The symptoms of IPF develop over time, and can vary from person to person. The most common symptoms of IPF are shortness of breath (known as dyspnoea) along with the following:

  • dry chronic cough;
  • loss of appetite;
  • gradual, unexplained weight loss;
  • fatigue, tiredness and generally feeling unwell; and
  • aching joints and muscles.⁴

About half of people with IPF may also experience finger clubbing (widening and rounding of the tips of the fingers or toes).⁴ When someone uses a stethoscope to listen to the lungs of a person with IPF, they may hear ‘velcro-like’ crackles in your lungs. These are ‘opening’ sounds made by the small airways when inhaling.¹⁰

Figure 6: Common signs and symptoms of IPF (adapted from: ¹)

Figure 6: Common signs and symptoms of IPF (adapted from: ¹)